GCF Project Pipeline Development


Between the 8th and the 10th of October, 2018, the GCF Readines Programme convened experienced practitioners (national coordinators and/or technical experts), and Readiness delivery partners.  The purpose of the workshop was to reinforce the iterative knowledge management process of implementing GCF readiness activities in countries with different socio-economic, political, geographic, and climatic contexts. Readiness support globally is reaching maturity and it was therefore timely to take stock of results and challenges to-date and feed these into new approaches for accessing GCF funds. The workshop served to take stock of the key lessons and challenges learned during the implementation of GCF Readiness initiatives in different countries. Participants presented how the support was applied, which tools were used, and the results and lessons over the course of interactive sessions.
GCF Project Pipeline Development: Project Prioritisation Case Studies from Ghana and Nepal - Ayrirebi Frimpong and Pragyajan Yalamber Rai - Download the presentation here

Mr. Frimpong explained the project prioritization tool created in Ghana to improve transparency in the project selection process. Project ideas/concepts are initially submitted to the NDA and the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) for a preselection prior to using the prioritization tool. After this step, projects are scored using the prioritization tool and then the decision is made on which projects would be prioritized. 

Some of the challenges and lessons learned from this prioritization process are:

  • Consultations are very important for stakeholder engagement
  • Selection is dependent in part on expert judgement
  • It takes time to master the effective use of the prioritization tool
  • There is an assumption that projects submitted by sectors are in line with their priorities, but this process may not be fully transparent. 

Mr. Pragyajan presented the prioritization process in Nepal which was inspired by Ghana’s prioritization tool. GCF project ideas in Nepal should be in line with the National Climate Change priorities and GCF strategic impact areas. The prioritization process begins with a call for project ideas followed by a screening process by the NDA and Technical Committee. Projects are then prioritized based on Nepal’s predetermined scoring methodology.

Some challenges and lessons learned from Nepal are:

  • Ensuring transparency in the process and ensure proper consultation with stakeholders
  • Achieving efficiencies in proposal review process
  • Engaging Direct Access Entities
  • Ensuring government ownerships by effective involvement by relevant ministries. 


A panel discussion followed, focused on the question on the prioritization process used in the four countries represented on the panel - Uzbekistan, Kenya, El Salvador, and the Philippines. 

GCF Project Pipeline Development: Project Proposal Development Case Studies from Kenya - Nancy Soi - Download the presentation here

The Government of Kenya has identified priorities in adaptation. A project pipeline was built from a call for proposals and existing pipelines from various institutions: NDA, NEMA (National Environment Management Authority) and IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature). A technical working group reviewed applications to be submitted to GCF. Together with IUCN, a $26.4 million GCF project proposal for adaptation was developed and submitted.

Some of the challenges and lessons learned from Kenya’s experience with GCF proposal development are:

  • The proposal preparation process is intensive and time consuming, so expectations should be realistic. 
  • Significant financial resources are required to produce credible data and to contract international expertise for project proposals development.
  • Close collaboration between government and direct access entities is key.


GCF Project Pipeline Development: Project Proposal Development Case Study from Benin - Marie-Ange Baudoin - Download the presentation here

Ms. Baudoin presented the developing of a project proposal in Benin. There was a preliminary consultation with the Government on two ideas presented by two NGOs. One was approved by the government to be further developed into a concept note. It was an adaption 5-year project with requested GCF funding of $9m- It was since approved by the GCF Board in March 2019. 

Some of the challenges and recommendations from proposal development in Benin are:

  • Development project proposals is a very long process. Collecting reliable data was a complex endeavor, as not all the documentation required is readily available. 
  • Benin being a Francophone country, the language barrier posed additional difficulties, as all the documentation to be submitted to GCF required translation into English. 
  • It is important to identify the accredited entity for the proposal and work closely with them in the early stages of the process.
  • Addressing GCF comments was very challenging due to lack of clarity and guidance from GCF.
  • International expertise is often required, so this increases the cost of proposal development. 
  • It is important that the project development is in line with country priorities.